IEIIS 14th Biennial MeetingThe last meeting of IEIIS in 2016 in Hamburg was a great success. Almost 120 participants from 17 countries all over the world lively discussed for two days topics ranging from lipopolysaccharide transport, structure, and detection to human and plant innate immunity as well as outer membrane vesicles, epigenetics, and antimicrobial peptides. Among the highlights of the conference were an emotional keynote lecture by former IEIIS president Ernst Th. Rietschel on the „Molecular decryption of the secret of bacterial endotoxin“ and the conference dinner music entertainment featuring the then-current IEIIS president Otto Holst. We hope to see all of you in 2018 at the next IEIIS conference in the US.